[x3d-public] dual use of script tag in HTML environment

Andreas Plesch andreasplesch at gmail.com
Fri Nov 11 09:38:35 PST 2016

I am trying to make cobweb and cobweb_dom html5 compatible, so there is no
requirement to use xhtml. xhtml is not used much at all and may face

While I got cobweb to recognize the html5 DOM uppercased .nodeName (Box
becomes BOX) and the lowercased attribute names (diffuseColor becomes
diffusecolor) as equivalents to their realcased xml names, it turns out
that there are deeper problems with the script node.

The type='application/vrmlscript' work-around to avoid execution of the
script by the web browser still applies.

In html5 the script element's content is always CDATA and there is no need
to use a CDATA tag. In fact, I am not sure if it is even recognized.


While this is usually convenient, it also means that the <field></field>
tags inside the script node are not recognized/parsed as child nodes as
they are for xml/xhtml parsing but as character content.

So script becomes a special case for x3d parsing since now the <field> tags
are either already delivered as DOM child nodes or - in the case of html5
documents - they are delivered as .innerHTML or .textContent character data.

The implication for x3d spec. is that it would be better to have the field
definitions in an attribute rather as in child nodes. Something like
<script ... fields=' "inputOnly SFBool isOver" "outputOnly SFColor
diffuseColor_changed" '>
That would be also more concise.
Perhaps both field attribute and field child nodes could be allowed with
child nodes taking precedence, for compatibility.
I think this would affect only the XML encoding spec.

I may try to come up with a little preprocessor script which finds all the
field tags inside script nodes, converts them into actual DOM child nodes,
appends those the script node, and removes them (or comments them out) from
the textContent of the script node.


On Mon, Sep 26, 2016 at 2:35 AM, Don Brutzman <brutzman at nps.edu> wrote:

> Andreas, I hope that everyone's relative silence over the weekend isn't
> interpreted as lack of interest!
> This is a really important step forward: HTML5 scripts coexisting with X3D
> scripts, both using javascript.
> Looking forward to a future X3D Working Group meeting to explore and begin
> documenting necessary approaches for this work in detail.  No doubt it will
> help us achieve important capabilities in X3D version 4.
> Once again, thanks for your many efforts.
> all the best, Don
> --
> Don Brutzman  Naval Postgraduate School, Code USW/Br
> brutzman at nps.edu
> Watkins 270,  MOVES Institute, Monterey CA 93943-5000 USA
> +1.831.656.2149
> X3D graphics, virtual worlds, navy robotics http://faculty.nps.edu/brutzma
> n

Andreas Plesch
39 Barbara Rd.
Waltham, MA 02453
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